ABS : a terpolymer produced from three monomers, acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. Acrylonitrile and styrene present chemical resistance, butadiene provides impression resistance and makes the plastic appropriate for furnishings, pc housings and so forth.
Acrylic: a tough thermoplastic created from acrylic acid or a by-product of acrylic acid. Greatest generally known as a glass substitute, sometimes beneath the commerce names Perspex, Lucite and Plexiglas.
Amino plastics: Plastics made out of ammonia based mostly compounds, specifically urea formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde.
Bakelite : actually a commerce identify however ceaselessly used as a generic identify for phenol formaldehyde (phenolic).
Cellophane : A Du Pont commerce identify for movie created from regenerated wooden pulp (cellulose).
Cellulose : The fibrous matter in all plant cells, with an extended chain molecular construction. The most typical sources used for making plastics are cotton fibres and wooden pulp
Cellulose acetate: A troublesome thermplastic comprised of cellulose within the type of cotton linters, handled with acetic acid and acetic anhydride. Used for a lot of home mouldings reminiscent of spectacle frames, toothbrush handles, and as clear packaging movie);
Cellulose acetate butyrate: A thermoplastic created from cellulose handled with acetic and butyric acids. Clear, opaque or colored, with wonderful moulding qualities, used the place extra moisture resistance and dimensional stability than cellulose acetate is required.
Copolymer: A plastic made by polymerizing two monomers, eg styrene and acrylonitrile .
Elastomer: An artificial plastic with the versatile properties of rubber.
Epoxy resin: A really robust thermosetting resin used as a coating, or strengthened to make mouldings or laminates.
Ester : A compound produced by the response between an acid and an alcohol.
GRP : Glass strengthened polyester, ie polyester resin strengthened by glass fibres, making the resin, which has no power of its personal, into a really tensile materials. Extensively used to construct boats, furnishings and automobiles.
HIPS : Excessive impression polystyrene
LLDPE : Linear low density polyethylene, a brand new sort of low density polythene.
Melalmine : Melamine formaldehyde, a thermoset produced by reacting (triaminotriazine) with formaldehyde. A troublesome shiny plastic often strengthened with a filler of wooden pulp.
Monomer: A easy low molecular weight compound. Polymerization hyperlinks monomers collectively to type excessive molecular weight polymers.
Nylon: Not one materials however a gaggle of very robust and versatile supplies referred to as polyamides. Thermoplastic and often discovered as fibres or used strong, as gears, zips and extra lately as dyed jewelry.
Phenolic: abbreviated model of phenol – formaldehyde. Phenolic is often strengthened with a filler, however forged phenolic has no filler and could be translucent. It may be simply colored and is used decoratively for jewelry, radio cupboards and all types of ornaments.
Polycarbonate : A really robust thermoplastic, often discovered as an alternative to glass, eg: vandal proof phone kiosks,bullet proof shields, child bottles and picnicware.
Polyesters : Complicated ester compounds that are thermosetting and could be);